Common Problems

  
  

Common Problems

Not everyone who is born has perfect teeth, and sometimes it’s best to get orthodontic treatment earlier, so problems don’t arise in the future. Orthodontic care is important for people who suffer from unaligned jaw structures and teeth. Left untreated, these problems can cause speech difficulty, enamel wear, and injury to teeth and jaw joints. The common problems are underbite, spacing, protrusion, crowding, crossbite, overbite, openbite, and midlines.

Underbite

An underbite is when the lower teeth close in front of upper teeth. In most cases, people can correct this easily at orthodontic offices, but if left untreated it can lead to surgery.

Spacing

Spacing is the exact opposite of crowding. This can occur by having teeth that are too small to fit their allotted spaces, or missing teeth. Spacing can often lead to lower self esteem and an unattractive smile. The teeth may not function properly, and there is a risk of catching gum disease.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion

Upper front teeth protrusion is characterized by upper front teeth protruding (sticking out) beyond the lower bottom teeth. This is also known as the Overjet and can lead to fractured teeth. This is usually caused by the lower jaw being shorter than the upper jaw. If this is left untreated the teeth may be susceptible to chipping and fractures because of the way they are sticking out. This problem can be fixed by visiting orthodontic specialists and getting braces. 

Crowding

Crowding is the exact opposite of spacing and occurs when the teeth have no room to erupt from the gum. In most cases, tooth removal can be avoided if treated by expansion. Crowding can lead to lower self esteem and an unattractive smile. This condition can be corrected by getting braces.

Crossbite

A crossbite occurs when upper teeth rest inside of the lower teeth. If the teeth are crossed it is a posterior crossbite and if it is not treated in a reasonable amount of time it can lead to imbalanced jaw growth, which means one jaw will grow larger than the other. This condition is usually genetic and often caused by unusual development of the teeth and the jaws. Other causes could be tongue thrusting and prolonged thumb sucking, both of which should be avoided. This situation is not self correcting and needs immediate correction by receiving orthodontic care.

Overbite

In an overbite, the upper front teeth protrude out over the lower front teeth, which can cause the front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth. An overbite does not refer to a lower jar being too far behind the upper jaw or any misalignment of teeth. Asking your Orthodontist about the types of braces for adults, children and teenagers can provide relief and eliminate future dental problems.   

Openbite

This is usually caused by the patient’s habits and happens when the front teeth, both upper and lower, are forced outwards to a point where the upper and lower jaw does not connect. Thumb thrusting is a common cause of an Openbite. In most cases the person’s smile is affected and can lead to lower self esteem or even a speech impediment. This problem is best corrected early, as getting braces can only allow a temporary solution. Orthodontic Braces straighten the teeth, but as soon as they are taken off it us up to the patient to quit the thumb thrusting and thumb sucking.

Dental Midlines not Matched

When the dental midlines are not matched, the back bite does not fit correctly and can cause jaw strain and limited dental function. The best solution to this problem would be to check with your Orthodontist about getting braces.

  

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